Web Accessibility is important for many people living with some form of disability. And the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires that businesses facilitate and offer the same services to all clients, whether or not they may have a disability. This includes the business’s website or electronic media. Whether someone has a cognitive disability that requires simple content and navigation, or a blind user utilizes a screen reader to read a web page, there are many reasons to make your website ADA compliant. The bottom line is that ADA compliance means a better user experience for everyone.
Here are 4 Key points to consider when designing and maintaining your website. For a more in depth guide, Check out https://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/
- Information and user interface components must be presentable to users in ways they can perceive.
- Text Alternatives: Provide text alternatives for any non-text content so that it can be changed into other forms people need, such as large print, braille, speech, symbols or simpler language.
- Provide alternatives for media such as Audio and video
- Create content that can be presented in different ways (for example simpler layout) without losing information or structure.
- Make it easier for users to see and hear content including separating foreground from background by using high contrasting colors and no auto playing sound for more than a couple seconds
- User interface components and navigation must be operable.
- Make all functionality available from a keyboard.
- Provide users enough time to read and use content. Implement controls for pause, stop, or hide
- Do not design content in a way that is known to cause seizures. (nothing that includes 3 flashes within 1 second)
- Provide ways to help users navigate, find content, and determine where they are. Use page titles and Section Headings properly
- The Information and the operation of user interface must be understandable.
- Make text content readable and understandable. Include a way for people to find the meaning of Jargon and slang words.
- Make Web pages appear and operate in predictable ways by having consistent navigation rules.
- Content must be robust enough that it can be interpreted reliably by a wide variety of user agents, including assistive technologies.