Tyr is one of the most important gods in Norse mythology, and is often associated with war, justice, and law. He is the son of Odin, the chief god of the Norse pantheon, and is often depicted as a one-handed god, having sacrificed his right hand in order to bind the monstrous wolf Fenrir.
Tyr’s name is derived from the Proto-Germanic word *Tīwaz, which is related to the Latin word “deus,” meaning “god.” This suggests that Tyr was one of the most ancient and revered gods in the Germanic and Norse pantheons.
Tyr is often invoked in matters of justice and oaths, and was the patron of warriors who sought victory in battle. He is sometimes depicted as carrying a spear, which was a symbol of his role as a warrior god.
In addition to his associations with war and justice, Tyr was also considered a god of law and order. In Norse mythology, he was responsible for upholding the social order and ensuring that oaths and contracts were upheld. This is reflected in his association with the Thing, the assembly of free men in Viking society that served as the primary legal and political institution.
Despite his importance in Norse mythology, Tyr is often overshadowed by more popular gods such as Odin and Thor. Nonetheless, his legacy continues to be felt in the modern world, as the English word “Tuesday” is derived from his name, which means “Tyr’s day.”
In conclusion, Tyr is a complex and important god in Norse mythology, representing the virtues of war, justice, and law. His name is still remembered in modern English, and his legacy continues to be felt in the stories and traditions of the Norse people.
- Knotted Cords (For oaths)
- The Rune Tiwaz
- Protect & Defend Others
- Be honorable
- Keep your Word
- Train with and keep weapons
- One Handed
- The Brave One
- The Poetic Edda: This is a collection of Old Norse poems that were compiled in the 13th century. Several of these poems mention Tyr, including “Hymiskvida,” “Baldrs draumar,” and “Lokasenna.”
- The Prose Edda: This is a 13th-century work of prose by the Icelandic scholar Snorri Sturluson. It includes many stories and descriptions of Norse mythology, and Tyr appears in several of these sections.
- The Saga of the Volsungs: This is an Old Norse epic that tells the story of the legendary hero Sigurd and his family. Tyr appears in the story as a wise counselor to the hero’s father, Sigmund.
- The Gesta Danorum: This is a medieval Latin chronicle by the Danish historian Saxo Grammaticus. It includes several stories and legends from Norse mythology, and Tyr appears in several of these tales.
- Skaldic poetry: Skaldic poetry was a form of poetry composed by Scandinavian poets during the Viking Age. Many skaldic poems mention Tyr, including “Haustlöng” by the Icelandic poet Þjóðólfr of Hvinir.